• Sporty, athletic design for two unique models
• Groundbreaking innovations such as “Flex-Fix” and curve light
• Agile handling thanks to newly-developed chassis
• Feel-good ambiance – from exciting red to piano lacquer
After its spectacular world premiere in London, the fourth generation of the popular Opel Corsa now takes to the road. With the newcomer, Opel remains true to its role as a trendsetter. Based on the successful example of the Astra and Astra GTC, the distinctively different coupé-like three-door and family-friendly five-door Corsa models are tailor-made for different types of customers. Since 1982, over 9.4 million units of the predecessor models have been sold in Europe. The new Corsa will again be produced in Zaragoza (Spain) and Eisenach (Germany). Both the three- and five-door versions will be available at dealerships in October 2006 and are expected to again reach top sales figures.
The new Corsa has everything it needs to get there: exciting design with sporty, athletic contours, a newly-developed chassis for safe and agile cornering, a new high-quality interior with plenty of space and feel-good ambiance, as well as high-tech features new to this class such as a heated steering wheel and curve light. The integrated carrier system “Flex-Fix” makes its world premiere on a production car, and the Corsa Sport newly-developed high-tech variable progressive power steering is new in the segment.
Its response is already very direct during straight-ahead driving and increases up to a steering-wheel angle of 90 degrees, which is reminiscent of a sports car's steering precision. The feedback curve enables the response ratio to increase again at greater steering-wheel angles, reducing the effort needed for maneuvering.
A Stunning Design to Fall in Love With
The three-door Corsa’s body is stretched tautly over its technology like a muscle shirt on a bodybuilder, with athletic contours, muscular shoulders and a coupé-like roof line. This look is emphasized by the side-window graphics reminiscent of the Astra GTC, forming a large, stretched arch from the A-pillar to the rear. Pronounced fenders over the rear wheels highlight the Corsa’s powerful, sporty stance. The three-door Corsa only shares the five-door’s front fenders, bumper, headlamps, hood and A-pillar.
In the family-friendly five-door model, the long roof line and generous window surfaces indicate additional headroom and visibility for the rear passengers. The side window line resembles that of the five-door Astra, but has a different C-pillar transition to the rear window that gives it its completely unique look.
While both body versions have the same length and height (3999 / 1488 mm), there is a small difference in their width (3-door: 1713 mm, 5-door: 1737 mm). Thanks to the long wheelbase (2511 mm) and wide track (front / rear: 1485 / 1478 mm), both Corsa versions have distinctively sporty proportions. The up to 17-inch wheels are placed at the body corners leaving a very short rear overhang. The designers successfully created a well-proportioned car while maintaining a compact base area. This is enhanced by the front overhang, which has a remarkably short appearance despite elaborate measures for pedestrian protection.
The stylish interior design with high-quality materials and clever new features creates a warm and inviting atmosphere. Turn buttons for climate control, radio and lighting are backlit. Piano-lacquer finish used in selected equipment variants on the center console with a matching finish on the steering wheel spokes and air-conditioning vent rings is of a much higher quality than normal in this class. Numerous large and small storage compartments offer plenty of space for stowing all kinds of items.
Distinctive cars for different buyers
Opel aims to return to the top of the small car segment, which is the second largest in Europe with over 20 percent of all passenger car sales. Customers can already look forward to highest-quality equipment lines that also convey driving fun with colors and exclusive finishes.
For instance, the Edition equipment: The fresh colors of the seat upholstery and door panels harmonize perfectly with the instrument panel’s colored surface in subtle grey, exciting red or elegant blue. Be it the entry-level Corsa, Edition, Sport or Cosmo, the Corsa range has the perfect combination for every taste and budget. The newcomer can be further individualized thanks to special equipment packages, innovative options and many features that customers can choose from according to their tastes and preferences.
The Corsa Sport holds a special position in the model range. For maximum agility, it boasts exclusive power steering with variable-progressive feedback curve for the first time. The sports chassis is lowered by 18 mm at the front and 15 mm at the rear, while the closer gear ratios add an extra burst of acceleration. In addition, the Corsa Sport interior features high-quality elements including a matte-chrome console and perforated
leather-trimmed steering wheel. Its exterior boasts details such as dark-tinted headlamps, 16-inch alloy wheels with 195/55 R 16 tires, and a chrome sports exhaust pipe.
Individual settings saved on car key
Be it modern or classical: whatever their musical tastes, the new Opel Corsa can easily memorize each driver’s favorite radio station. And that’s just one example of how the newcomer can be personalized. Up to five different drivers can save their individual settings for the infotainment system, electronic climate control, and on-board electronics and activate them via the car key. New comfort options also ensure that Corsa passengers feel right at home.
These include a power panorama sunroof that also lets in plenty of light when it is closed, and for the colder months a heated steering wheel - new in this class - as well as optional Quickheat, which warms the interior air stream via electric heating elements after a cold start until engine water circulation can warm the passenger compartment.
The Corsa is an all-rounder, be it for leisure, sport or family use, and is always a star performer. Thanks to its clever innovations, it can adapt to and meet the transport and comfort needs of its owners far better than most other vehicles. One of these innovations is the novel flexible integrated rear carrier system “Flex-Fix”. It stows away almost invisibly into the rear bumper, can easily be pulled out as needed and carry up to two bicycles. In typical Opel style – like the Zafira’s “Flex7” multivariable seating system – the integrated carrier system “Flex-Fix” also provides full on-board functionality, eliminating the need for cumbersome assembly, dismantling or storage of parts.
Other practical features include the height-adjustable “DualFloor” and luggage compartment cover which can be easily stowed away. The stable cargo floor can be set in two height positions, allowing horizontal partitioning of the luggage compartment as well as a flat load floor to the front seat backs when the rear seat backs are folded forward and load floor is in the higher position. The higher position also facilitates loading and unloading. Storage volume up to the luggage compartment cover, which can be stored vertically behind the rear seats, is 285 liters, and 300 liters to the top of the rear seat back. If the 60:40-split rear seat back is folded down, storage volume increases to 700 liters and to a considerable 1100 liters if the car is loaded to the roof. The rear seat backs can also be inclined by 7.5 degrees, which provides exactly the few centimeters of space that are often missing to fit in a bulky piece of luggage, such as a folded-up stroller.
Newly-developed chassis for dynamics with high reserves
Excellent driving dynamics, outstanding handling – it is that easy to describe the goal Opel/GM engineers set when designing the fourth-generation Corsa. Thanks to a completely new architecture, they were able to create the best conditions for this right from the start. In addition to the stiffer body, the Corsa features a new short front subframe, allowing for optimum chassis geometry, and a torsion-beam rear axle with three roll-rate levels. Depending on the engine, these provide an ideal alignment to the different front axle loads.
The newest generation of ABS and ESP systems boasts additional functions. The Corsa’s standard ABS system features electronic brake force distribution, Cornering Brake Control (CBC) and Straight-Line Stability control (SLS). The ESP system, which brakes up to four wheels individually when required, was tuned so that it firstly gives complete control to the driver, even at very high cornering speeds, and only progressively applies when there is danger of losing safe control of the car.
The engineers also focused on enhancing the steering system for the new Corsa, giving it a considerably stiffer steering column with height and reach-adjustable steering wheel and higher performance, speed-dependent Electric Power Steering (EPS). The power assistance was increased to 40 to 55 Nm (depending on the engine) to further reduce the steering effort necessary for example when parking. All Corsas with engines from 1.3 liters feature steering with variable feedback curve. The Corsa Sport also offers a segment first: newly-developed steering with variable progressive feedback curve. At 13:1, the system already delivers a direct response during straight-ahead driving. As the steering-wheel angle increases, steering becomes even more direct - 12:1 at 90 degrees - creating a sports car feeling. Variable progression ensures that the response ratio again increases at greater steering angles to enable easy maneuvering and parking.
Opel has an integral approach to safety. All active and passive safety systems that contribute to reducing dangers when driving are categorized under one heading: SAFETEC. This includes assisting the driver with innovative features such as Adaptive Forward Lighting (AFL), avoiding accidents thanks to advanced chassis and highly-developed support functions such as ABS and ESP, reducing the effects of an accident with extensive restraint systems, and protecting other road-users with features such as adaptive brake lights.
In the event of an accident, Corsa passengers are protected by optimized crash zones and restraint systems specifically adjusted for these zones, including two two-stage front airbags, side airbags for driver and front passenger, and – from Edition – head curtain airbags which deploy like curtains to cover the entire length of the interior. The front passenger airbag can easily be deactivated by a button on the instrument panel.
Not just the occupants, but also pedestrians are protected by a range of up-to-date safety measures. Features include a special low-density foam material in front of the bumper crossmember to lessen the intensity of lower-body impact, and a stiffening of the bumper’s lower section spreads out the load over a larger area, thus limiting force to the knees. The material of the hood, which was especially designed for efficient energy absorption, reduces the severity of head impacts, and the generous space between the hood and the engine provides adequate deformation distance. The fenders’ slotted fittings also deform on impact.
A first in the Corsa class, optional curve and cornering light is a real benefit for active safety. The Corsa’s AFL system is combined with halogen light to keep the price as moderate as possible while retaining all functions. The dynamic curve light reacts to the steering angle and speed of the car, turning the high or low beam headlamps up to 15 degrees outward and eight degrees inward. At speeds below 40 km/h, static cornering light is activated. Depending on turn signal and steering wheel position, the headlamps illuminate intersections and garage driveways.
Other lighting innovations in the Corsa include automatic lighting control and adaptive brake lights, a system which warns following drivers by blinking all three brake lights five times per second in case of ABS braking. If airbags or belt tensioners are activated, the hazard warning lights are automatically switched on.
• Forecast: Segment marked by strong growth in coming years
• Profile: Three and five-door models for different target groups
• Range: Four equipment lines and a wide selection of packages
Over 9.4 million Corsas have been sold so far in Europe. That makes it one of the top contenders in a market segment traditionally referred to as the small-car class, although many such vehicles have long since grown up. This is especially true of the fourth-generation of the Corsa, scheduled for market launch in early October and available for order since July 18.
The Europe-wide success story began in 1982, with Opel’s debut in a class that the Corsa played a significant role in shaping the following years. In Germany, for example, it was the uncontested No. 1 in its class for seven consecutive years between 1995 and 2001. The Corsa was also best-in-class in the UK in 2004 and 2005, with a segment share of nearly 16 percent.
The new Corsa is aiming for the top not only in the United Kingdom, but throughout Europe. It enters the race in Europe’s second-largest segment, which accounts for 24.3 percent of all passenger car sales. Opel has a solid foundation to build on: more than 321,000 Corsa models were sold last year, giving the popular car a segment share of 7.6 percent in 2005. Following the UK with over 89,000 registrations, the Corsa was most popular in Germany where sales reached around 53,000 units for 10.8 percent share of the segment.
Chances are good that the new Corsa generation can surpass these figures in the coming years, thanks to the many strengths of both brand-new three and five-door models as well as the forecasts for the small-car category in general. According to Opel marketing experts, all signs point to growth in the category.
Instead of the 3.92 million small cars sold in 2005, they expect 4.25 million to be sold throughout Europe in five years time.
The stylish and sporty three-door Corsa particularly appeals to customers that marketing experts call “progressive modern mainstream.” The group in profile: young adults up to their mid 30s, with no children yet but with ambitious career plans - well educated, they want to move up the career ladder while living life to the fullest with plenty of sporty adventures. They have medium to high incomes and consider Internet and mobile telephones just as indispensable to their lifestyles as a car. Accordingly, a pronounced “feel-good” factor in their car’s interior is very important to them. These consumers see exterior vehicle design as a reflection of their personalities, and place great value on sporty driving characteristics coupled with high active safety.
While the five-door model shares its dynamic twin’s sporty genes, its longer roof line and larger side windows show how the Corsa has matured in its fourth generation. This mirrors its two main target groups: one group is often family-focused and frequently has children on board. For the other group, children are no longer relevant as passengers, as they have already left home. At 30 to 50 years, the age span between the two groups may be wide, yet their idea of a desirable lifestyle and vehicle are very close together: a life characterized by a healthy balance between work, family and self-realization; a car that offers outstanding safety, value for money and versatility.
Variety: For every taste and budget
European Corsa-buyers can have their cars built according to their wishes. This is possible thanks to such innovative solutions as the flexible integrated carrier system “Flex-Fix,” the double trunk floor and comfort details like the heated steering wheel. The car’s personalization features also enable up to five different drivers to save their individual settings for the infotainment system, electronic climate control and on-board electronics and activate them with the car key.
The Corsa’s four equipment lines with different upholstery and materials in the interior as well as seven customer-oriented equipment packages in categories such as electronics, winter, comfort and technology offer customers even more opportunities to individualize their car.
This spectrum of choices ensures the Corsa range has the perfect combination for every taste and virtually every budget. Even the standard equipment in the Corsa includes features like heat-absorbing glazing, power side mirrors, central locking, height and reach-adjustable steering wheel, height-adjustable driver’s seat, Easy Entry with memory function for quick access to the rear seats (three-door model), over speed warning, speed-dependent power steering as well as front and side airbags ex works.
Exclusive interior finish with luxurious piano-lacquer surfaces
The Corsa Edition’s standard equipment enhances the base package with useful features such as air conditioning, power windows in front, remote control central locking and asymmetrically split, fold-down rear seat backs, as well as head curtain airbags and active head restraints. The colors of the seat upholstery and door panels harmonize perfectly with the instrument panel’s colored surface in classic grey, exciting red or elegant blue. The only vehicle in this class with refined piano-lacquer interior surfaces, the Corsa Cosmo places further emphasis on comfort (Edition also with red interior finish). It comes with the stereo CD-radio CD 30 MP3 with steering wheel remote control, a leather steering wheel, sport seats in front, heatable side mirrors, fog lamps and lighting package that includes reading lights, as well as footwell lighting and additional translucent control buttons.
The Corsa Sport, which holds an especially dynamic position in the model lineup, features the same high-quality equipment apart from a matte chrome console and perforated leather-trimmed steering wheel. For an exceptionally high level of agility, it is equipped with exclusive power steering with variable-progressive feedback for the first time. The sport chassis is lowered by 18 mm at the front and 15 mm at the rear, while the close-ratio gearbox adds an extra burst of speed. In addition, the Corsa Sport features high-quality interior details like a matte-chrome console and a perforated leather-trimmed steering wheel. The exterior of the Sport also reflects its dynamic qualities, with dark-tinted headlamps, 16-inch alloy wheels with 195/55 R 16 tires, and a chrome sports exhaust pipe.
Marketing experts predict that up to ten percent of all buyers in Europe will choose the sportiest Corsa version. Somewhat higher sales figures are forecast for the Cosmo. The Edition model is again expected to take a clear lead as the best-selling Corsa. In the TWINPORT gasoline models, the 1.2-liter (80 hp) engine is cast in the leading role with a 33 percent share, ahead of the 1.0-liter (60 hp) unit with 16 percent. As expected, the 75 hp version of the 1.3 CDTI engine dominates in the diesel models with a 26 percent share, while a 13 percent share is predicted for the 90 hp unit. As for the choice between the three and five-door models, market research indicates a ratio of around 55:45 percent.
Opel this year expects around 75,000 registrations of the new Corsa, which now appeals to a wider range of customers, thanks to two distinctive body styles and the high-tech options new to this class. In 2007, the first full year of sales, the figure is expected to be around 375,000 units – about 25 percent more than in 2006.
How the Small Corsa Became a Big Success Around the Globe
When the first Corsa rolled off the production line on May 14, 1982 at the brand new GM plant in Zaragoza, Spain, the assembled General Motors and Opel managers were confident it would be a great success. Looking back, this was a memorable day in the company’s history, for nobody in their wildest dreams could have predicted just how popular the newcomer would become. The Corsa made a big impact, going on to become one of the most successful small cars in the world. Produced by General Motors on four continents, around 14.2 million vehicles based on three Corsa generations had been sold by mid-2006.
Frequent "additions to the family" reflect the popularity of Opel's small Corsa. The first new relative was the compact Combo van in 1993, followed by the Tigra coupé one year later. The Corsa shared many of its genes with the versatile Meriva in 2003 and with the open-air Tigra TwinTop the following year. Outside Europe, station wagon, four-door and pick-up versions also enjoy great popularity.
The foundation for this success story was laid by the bestseller’s first generation model, the Corsa A. By the end of 1992, 3.1 million units had been built in Spain. After that, Opel’s star rose even faster. From 1993, the second model family’s letter “B” stood for one best rating after another. From 1994 onwards, eight additional Corsa plants opened one after the other at a rate of one a year in South and Central America, Asia (India, China) as well as South Africa. This led to annual Corsa production exceeding one million units for the first time in 1998. One year later at the end of the European model cycle, this figure had reached around six million units, which were sold in more than 75 countries with a market share sometimes greater than 30 percent in the class, for example in South America. The Corsa had clearly become a true global player.
By this stage, the Corsa was established throughout Europe as a new star on the automobile horizon. From students to bank managers, everybody fell in love with it. In the meantime, the small car had also become a big player in Opel sales with the second highest figures, accounting for about 21 percent of all registrations. In the new millennium, the third Corsa generation has continued to play this leading role, as demonstrated by sales figures for the C model range: more than 2.7 million units have been sold so far in Europe alone.
However, the popular Corsa's sales records are not the only milestones in its career to date: fields such as aesthetics, technology and sportiness feature just as prominently. Examples include more than 20 international design prizes for the Corsa B, the first three-way catalytic converter as standard in a vehicle of its class (1985), the world's first driveable three-liter car - the Corsa Eco 3 - which was presented in 1995 at the IAA in Frankfurt, and in 2001, the 215 hp Corsa Super 1600 for the Junior World Rally Championship. Opel also realized its "extraterrestrial ambitions" with the Moon Corsa, which was presented in 1997 in the moon-like landscape of the volcanic island Tenerife. Created in cooperation with General Motors, this unique designer vehicle was based on the first car on the moon ("Rover I", Apollo 15). With its help, Opel set the tongue-in-cheek goal to develop additional "sales opportunities beyond established markets".
• Exciting combination of taut lines and vibrant surfaces
• Three and five-door models distinctively different
• Interior with high-quality design elements
Be it the three or five-door version: sporty, athletic contours always emphasize the new Opel Corsa's design language while simultaneously giving both models a distinctively different look. The three-door Corsa’s body is stretched tautly over its technology like a muscle shirt on a bodybuilder, with athletic contours, muscular shoulders and a roof line reminiscent of a coupé. In the family-oriented five-door model, the long roof line and generous window surfaces indicate additional headroom and visibility for the rear passengers.
While both body versions have the same length and height (3999 / 1488 mm), there is a small difference in their width (3-door: 1713 mm, 5-door: 1737 mm). The H-point and roof line are 40 millimeters higher than the previous model, enabling easier entry and better visibility. Thanks to the long wheelbase (2511 mm) and wide track (front/rear: 1485 / 1478 mm), both Corsa versions have distinctively sporty proportions. The up to 17-inch wheels are placed at the body corners leaving a very short rear overhang. The designers successfully created a well-proportioned car while maintaining a compact base area. This is enhanced by the front overhang, which has a remarkably short appearance despite elaborate pedestrian protection measures.
Large, iconic headlamps mimic the Corsa´s suave, energetic personality, further enhanced by the design of the lower front bumper which articulates a friendly smile. The steeply raked A-pillars are extended forward, optically shortening the front hood and concentrating the bulk of the body between the axles.
The exterior mirrors mounted on the body shoulder come with power adjustment as standard, enabling an additional small, triangular window in front that improves forward visibility.
The three-door Corsa only shares the five-door’s front fenders, bumper, headlamps, hood and A-pillar. Its rear window inclines at a significantly steeper angle, coupled with an almost coupé-style roof line. This look is emphasized by the side-window graphics reminiscent of the Astra GTC, forming a large, stretched arch from the A-pillar to the rear. Pronounced fenders over the rear wheels highlight the Corsa’s powerful, sporty stance, while the rear window tapers downwards accentuating the characteristic V-shaped rear theme, a typical trademark of the Opel form language. The five-door Corsa´s window line resembles that of the five-door Astra, but has a unique C-pillar transition to the rear window.
The stylish interior design with high-quality materials and clever new features creates a warm and inviting atmosphere. Turn buttons for climate control, radio and lighting are backlit. The Lighting Package (reading lights, footwell lighting) in the Cosmo and Sport variants comes with further translucent control buttons. Piano-lacquer finish used in selected equipment variants on the center console, with a matching finish on the steering wheel spokes and air-conditioning vent rings, is of a much higher quality than normal in this class. And the new Corsa’s high-quality interior does not just look great right down to the last detail, it is also very practical. The steering column is height and reach-adjustable, while the height-adjustable driver’s seat, which is also standard, ensures that drivers can easily find and set their optimum individual seating position. The angled center console is optimized for reach and visibility, and the many large and small storage compartments offer plenty of space for stowing all kinds of items.
Three and five-door Corsa: Body data at a glance
Length 3999 mm
Width (3-door / 5-door) 1713 / 1737 mm
Height 1488 mm
Wheelbase 2511 mm
Track front/rear 1485 / 1478 mm
Curb weight (1.2 ECOTEC, manual transmission) 3/5-door 1130 / 1160 kg
Payload 500 kg
How surfaces originate
A high-quality first impression of the interior is dependent on design, the materials used, the fits – and the graining of the surfaces. At the same time, these no longer have to be "grained" in the original sense of the term, when the surface of the instrument panel, side cladding, storage areas and many other parts were almost exclusively finished in sympathy with the graining of the tanned animal hide. Today, finely fashioned patterns or geometrical textures are the order of the day. They are sometimes evocative of leather and, not uncommonly with a little imagination, parts of plants or even finely sprayed raindrops. Responsibility for implementing the current design concept has been assumed – in close consultation with the General Motors Design Center Europe in Rüsselsheim – by specialists working for highly qualified suppliers who develop special tools for different surface finishes for the interior components.
The elaborate "graining" process starts with the designers' ideas and drafts. Inspired by crocodile skin, nut grains, honeycomb, lemon peel or even the dully-shimmering skin of an Amazonian frog, the creative geniuses transfer their ideas for the surface finish of the interior parts onto the screen. From this graphical master, known as the "grain concept", a black and white film is first produced before all patterns and structures are coated with an acid-resistant varnish. The film is then fitted into the tools with millimeter accuracy.
In the following step, known as "photo-chemical etching", nitric acid or hydrochloric acid is used to dissolve those parts of the tool metal that have not been covered by the acid-resistant varnish on the film. This leaves behind the required pattern, i.e. the surface design is completely transferred to the metal mold, which will emboss plastic or metal surfaces such as polyamide, vinyl or aluminum in later batch production. The dwell time in the acid bath, between two and three minutes at 22 to 25 degrees Celsius, determines the depth of etching, which lies between 0.12 and 0.3 mm. In the case of multiple etching – the "multilayer process" – different depths and therefore particularly plastic, three-dimensional textures are achieved.
The most important quality factor in the implementation process is the handwork: the retouching of the film when fitting it into the tool before the etching process. In order to achieve absolutely clean transitions in the structure of the interior surfaces at the edges and bends, which occur with a number of components, experienced specialists work with a magnifying glass, scalpel and touch-up pens to harmonize the sections of film, which are immediately adjacent to one another as separate segments in the tool. This activity, which is dependent on outstandingly fine motor functions and requires comprehensive graphical knowledge, creativity and patience, has not as yet been replaced by any electronics. And when designing and finishing the surface design, there must be no disturbing refraction on the finished component, as a matt and reflection-free surface that is unobtrusive and ultimately safe for the driver is required.
Creatively designed surfaces in the automobile are gaining in importance. A general development is that more and more consumer goods, including for example cell phones, electrical equipment and kitchen utensils, have textured surfaces that borrow from nature. This is particularly so in those places where the human hand acts as a sensor. The artistic efforts are enormous: 200 design concepts for widely differing surfaces have been developed for the new Opel Corsa alone.
Flexibility and Everyday Suitability
Setting the Pace in On-Board Flexibility
• Always ready for use: Flexible innovative carrier "Flex-Fix"
• Always room for more: Plenty of storage space and double load "DualFloor"
• Always ready for fresh air: Large panorama power sunroof
Be it a space-saving foldable third row of seats like in the Zafira, or the Meriva and Signum's easily adjustable individual outer rear seats: very few vehicle models adapt to their owners' comfort and transport needs as flexibly as Opel cars do. The designers display their creativity once again in the new Corsa with many stylish and practical ideas. One of these is also a world novelty: the optional flexible integrated carrier Flex-Fix, which further develops the innovative carrier system first introduced in the Opel TRIXX concept car in 2004.
The integrated rear carrier, which stows away almost invisibly into the rear bumper, can easily be pulled out as needed and can carry up to two bicycles (tire dimensions: 18 to 28 inches). Even the required additional rear lights are stored in the drawer-like carrier and can be fitted quickly. One particularly clever feature: to ensure that parking remains child's play even with bicycles mounted, a parking assist function specially developed for the Flex-Fix system can be retrofitted by Opel service partners.
Other practical features include the double load floor DualFloor, standard with the Edition, Sport and Cosmo equipment lines. Providing a flat load floor at sill height that extends to the front seat backs when the back seat is folded forward, it facilitates loading and unloading of heavy or bulky items such as beverage crates, as they can simply be slid into and out of the trunk. When the load floor is in this upper position, there are 135 liters of separate storage space available underneath it. Alternatively, the “DualFloor” can also be lowered flat.
The Corsa’s total storage volume in the luggage compartment up to the cover is 285 liters, and 300 liters to the top of the rear seat back. If the 60:40-split rear seat back is folded down, storage volume increases to 700 liters and to a considerable 1100 liters if the car is loaded to the roof. The rear bench seat back can also be inclined by 7.5 degrees, which provides exactly the few centimeters of space that are often missing to fit in a bulky piece of luggage, such as a folded-up stroller. Another clever idea: if the luggage compartment cover is not needed or hinders the transport of bulky items, it can be stored vertically behind the rear bench seat, keeping it out of the way but always on board for quick re-fitting.
Plenty of storage space is also available in other locations: in the front doors, for example, there is even room for 1.5-liter bottles. Between the door pocket and arm rest, a further compartment provides space for items such as mobile phones. Further storage space is also available next to the rear seats, in the conveniently partitioned glove compartment and even in a drawer beneath the front passenger seat (Edition, Cosmo). Coins and parking garage tickets can be kept in special trays in the center tunnel. In the three-door model, the side pockets are large enough for 2-liter bottles.
In addition to the clever “FlexFix” transportation system, practical “DualFloor” load floor and many storage compartments, the Corsa is also optionally available with a large panorama power sunroof, a design element that extends across the width of the roof. Featuring an opening which is 25 percent larger than its predecessor´s sliding roof, this new sunroof enables Corsa passengers to enjoy open-air driving at the touch of a button. A special dual-space sealing system and wind deflector effectively reduce wind noise, and a sliding blind protects against direct sunlight.
World Premiere: Flexible Integrated Carrier Flex-Fix
The idea seems simple, which is why it has already been around for several decades: to increase vehicle transport capacity by adding an integrated cargo carrier that disappears into the car body when not in use. Hendrik Hofmann, Opel Project Engineer, Bodyshell Product Development, knows why this intriguing idea never reached series production before the new Corsa: "My colleagues and I put in two and a half years of intensive work to make this seemingly simple concept reality."
The team of engineers posed itself three main questions:
Packaging: How can a rear carrier be stored without affecting other vehicle functions such as crash safety and ground clearance? A further development goal: the system should not just be suitable for the Corsa, but also adaptable to the company's other vehicles without much modification. Following the carrier's successful presentation on the small prototype TRIXX car, Opel decided to develop the first production carrier for the Corsa, a particularly tricky task given the car's short length.
Functionality: How can Opel ensure that the carrier operates safely in all weather conditions - even after hours of driving on gravel roads in Sweden or during a sudden snowstorm in the Alps?
During extensive testing, the engineers assessed the system's functionality – and were even more motivated by the results: "You should have seen the astonished faces of our colleagues from other brands when we pulled our carrier out of the car's completely snow-encrusted rear during winter test drives," says Hofmann, still smiling today. Other aspects of everyday use were also carefully thought through. For example, the Flex-Fix carrier's unlocking lever is located right on the luggage compartment rim, ensuring easy access even when the trunk is full. And a special warning signal sounds when reverse gear is engaged to remind drivers that the Corsa is currently 50 centimeters longer. "We don't want customers bumping into their garage walls with the Corsa's carrier," adds Hofmann. In addition to the system for all Corsas, Opel also offers a special Park-Pilot for Flex-Fix.
Long-term durability: How can Opel ensure that Flex-Fix will last the car’s lifetime? As an integral part of the Corsa, the system must conform to this strict Opel requirement, in contrast to carriers from accessory stores. "Our rear carrier is designed for a maximum load of 40 kg and weighs 23.5 kg itself. With a little technical imagination, it's easy to understand just how intense the pressure on the lever arms can become while traveling on uneven roads," says Hofmann, outlining the problem that had no textbook solution - a common predicament of innovation.
So the engineers mounted a carrier prototype to a test vehicle, fitted all the anchor points with sensors and subjected the car to endurance tests in Dudenhofen on the Opel test circuit's roughest tracks. The resulting data were analyzed and transferred to a special program for hydropulse testing at the Rüsselsheim development center. From then on, each new enhancement could be screened for durability at the laboratory. As a result, all Flex-Fix Corsas feature extensive reinforcements in the rear floor panel area. At the rear, Opel uses the modified cross member to which a trailer hitch is normally fastened. The trailer hitch cable harness is also used for the carrier lights.
The Flex-Fix team also made no compromises when it came to corrosion protection. The integrated carrier's steel parts are not only galvanized, but are also primed via cataphoresis and protected by a resilient topcoat to even withstand years of gravel and road salt, as proven by extensive testing. In addition, the pull-out carrier's interlocking components are Teflon-coated.
• New in this class: Heated steering wheel
• Refined climate control and infotainment systems
• Individual settings saved on car key
In addition to the feel-good interior ambience, numerous small, sometimes unique details contribute to the Corsa's enjoyable and comfortable on-board lifestyle. Many of these features were only found in higher vehicle classes until now. They include an optional heated steering wheel, which warms to a cozy 34 degrees at the push of a button, and a trunk that unlocks easily via touchpad.
Like an attentive butler, the new Corsa also memorizes its driver’s preferences - "personalization" is the keyword here. Up to five different drivers can save their individual settings for the infotainment system, electronic climate control, and on-board electronics and activate them via the car key.
Comfortable temperatures all year round: Climate control
Sticky heat in summer, bitter cold in winter: without modern heating and air-conditioning systems, both passenger well-being and the driver's ability to concentrate suffer.
The new Corsa ensures that interior temperatures are always comfortable with a range of optional features:
• Heated steering wheel
• Heated front seats
• Quickheat system
• Manual air conditioning - or
• Electronic Climate Control (ECC)
• Solar reflect windshield
• Stationary heating
Electronic Climate Control (ECC) offers highest-level climate comfort. Its multi-patented electronic control system does not gauge temperatures retrospectively; it measures them in real time based on a mathematical energy balance model, thus enabling the system to react before the temperature in the car has actually changed.
The electric heating system Quickheat efficiently prevents the windshield from fogging up and warms the car quickly. It activates automatically when the “maximum heating” setting is selected due to low outside and engine coolant temperatures.
Good news especially for allergy sufferers: a pollen filter that prevents dust and pollen particles from entering the interior is standard.
Exciting entertainment and important traffic announcements: Infotainment systems
In the new Corsa, modern infotainment systems in double DIN format and the intuitive operating concept with turn-push controls - familiar from the Astra - play a big role. The turn-push control button on the center console and buttons on the multifunctional steering wheel are optimally positioned and easy to operate. Central, large-format information displays are clearly visible, enabling drivers to concentrate on the road. Main functions can be selected directly at any time via four large function buttons situated around the central turn-push controller.
The infotainment range encompasses five high-quality audio systems which include
MP3-compatible CD players, twin tuners with excellent radio reception and navigation systems with CD and DVD-ROM.
Overview ? systems and their most important features:
• CD 30: Stereo CD-Radio combined with four 17-watt speakers
• CD 30 MP3: Stereo CD-Radio with MP3-compatible CD player, seven 20-watt speakers, remote controls on steering wheel
• CDC 40 Opera: Stereo CD-Radio with MP3-compatible 6 x CD changer and twin tuner, digital sound processor, 7-band equalizer, seven premium speakers (three 20-watt and two 45-watt), remote controls on steering wheel, Graphic Info Display
• CD 60 Navi: Stereo CD-Radio with MP3-compatible CD player and twin tuner, navigation system with second CD drive, seven speakers with four x 20 watts, remote controls on steering wheel, Graphic Info Display
• DVD 100 Navi: Stereo CD-Radio with MP3-compatible CD player and twin tuner, navigation system with DVD drive, seven speakers with four x 20 watts, remote controls on steering wheel, Color Info Display
A comfortable and safe mobile phone console consisting of a universal bracket and telephone-specific adaptor is available for each infotainment system. When the phone is docked, it is fully networked with the infotainment system and can be operated via remote controls on the steering wheel. The mobile phone console also features BluetoothTM interface and voice control.
Looking ahead around corners and at dusk: Lighting technology
The Corsa also proves a clever companion when it comes to lighting. A novelty in this class, optional curve light is available for 390 euros thanks to halogen lamps which make it less expensive than similar systems with bi-xenon lamps. This innovative light technology combines dynamic curve light with a static cornering light.
Other lighting innovations in the Corsa include Automatic Lighting Control (ALC). At dusk, drivers often forget to turn on their headlamps. To avoid such dangerous situations, Opel offers an automatic low-beam headlight function in the Corsa. With the help of two sensors in the windshield, the low-beam headlights are automatically turned on in tunnels and parking garages, or as darkness approaches. When the car returns to a brighter environment, for example when emerging from a tunnel, ALC automatically turns them off again. This function is optionally available with rain sensor and electrochromic interior mirrors.
The rear window wiper is equally convenient. It is speed-dependent and switches on automatically when the windshield wipers are activated and reverse gear is engaged or ? in the models with rain sensor ? when moisture has been detected on the windshield in the last two minutes.
Personalization: How a Corsa Recognizes its Driver
Right when the door is opened via remote control, the Corsa recognizes the driver and automatically retrieves several individual settings that were saved during the driver’s last journey. This is possible with up to five keys.
How this works: the body control module recognizes which key is being used by the transponder code sent out by the key. The control unit communicates with the CAN databus system, using two commands: “Set” (this saves new settings selected during the journey) and “Recall” (this recalls previous settings saved in storage memory). Following the control commands, actuators then pre-select settings such as the desired temperature.
The following settings can be automatically recalled:
• Electronic Climate Control: on/off, temperature, air distribution, fan control programs, stationary heating on (optional)
• Infotainment: station buttons, volume, balance/fade, sound settings, traffic announcements; and for cars with navigation systems: last destination, last starting point, preferred road types (such as fastest route, shortest route, alternative routes, etc.)
• Display: contrast, language, day/night setting etc
In addition, further personal preferences can be programmed by pulling both control levers towards the driver when the engine is not running. By following a number code on the display and related descriptions in the instruction manual, the desired set-up can be selected and saved.
This includes the following functions:
• Automatic locking of doors and tailgate (on/off)
• Separate unlocking of driver door (on/off: only in combination with alarm system)
• Turn indicator touch control (on/off)
• Welcome light (on/off)
• Speed-dependant rear wiper (on/off)
• Speed warning (on/off, limit)
• Volume of warning signals (levels one to five)
Economical Mobility – With Both Gasoline and Diesel
• TWINPORT: Low-consumption gasoline engines
• CDTI: Powerful and efficient diesel units
• Easytronic: Fuel-saving automated transmission
The new Corsa’s engine lineup comprises six ECOTEC power units, all equipped with four-valve technology. Five of them – three gasoline engines and two common-rail turbo-diesels, with outputs ranging from 60 to 90 hp – are available at the time of market launch. Shortly thereafter, the range will be expanded with the new, interim top-of-the-line 1.7 CDTI with 125 hp and diesel particulate filter as standard. At 2300 rpm, this engine produces 280 Nm of torque via the crankshaft, giving the Corsa impressive propulsion power.
Low fuel consumption is also a trademark of modern Opel diesels. The new Corsa with the 90 hp 1.3 CDTI engine needs only 4.6 liters of fuel per 100 kilometers (MVEG-mix). Advanced technology in gasoline engines, such as the TWINPORT system that combines variable intake control and high rates of exhaust gas recirculation, also ensures higher fuel efficiency. The Corsa with the 1.2 TWINPORT ECOTEC (80 hp) engine and Easytronic transmission needs only 5.8 liters of fuel per 100 kilometers (MVEG-mix).
Like its selection of engines, the transmissions available in the Corsa fit a wide variety of customer preferences and needs. In addition to the optimized five-speed and new six-speed manual gearboxes, as well as a converter transmission for the 1.4 TWINPORT, Opel offers a further-developed automated Easytronic manual transmission for high fuel-efficiency in the Corsa 1.2. A warning lamp on the instrument panel indicates that the driver should depress the brake pedal when starting.
The system then automatically shifts into neutral. In addition to five and six-speed manual transmissions (standard equipment in combination with the two more powerful diesel engines) and the automated Easytronic manual gearbox (available for the 1.2 liter gasoline unit), the Corsa 1.4 TWINPORT ECOTEC can also be ordered with a four-speed automatic transmission.
ECOTEC engines: Fuel-efficient, clean, powerful and low-maintenance
All three gasoline engines, including the three-cylinder unit in the Corsa 1.0 and the two four-cylinder engines, are characterized by a range of advanced design features. Most notable is the innovative TWINPORT concept. This intelligent Opel technology for four-valve gasoline engines with displacements of up to 1.6-liters reduces fuel consumption by as much as 10 percent under everyday driving conditions by employing variable intake control via a throttle valve in one of the two intake ports for each cylinder and through high rates of exhaust gas recirculation. At partial load, up to 25 percent of the cylinder charge is made up of previously burnt exhaust gas which is delivered through an additional line, yet power generation and fuel efficiency remain unchanged at full load. This is a key advantage for smaller-displacement engines, which often face tough demands due to their size.
All gasoline units feature advanced engine management, which controls injection and ignition along with other functions. All three engines have sequential fuel injection and electronic throttle control (E-Gas). Multiple injection valves enable exceptionally fine fuel distribution, and hence an efficient mixture. Ignition with static high-voltage distribution is maintenance-free, with its single-spark coils grouped into one compact module.
Cylinder-specific anti-knock control ensures safety and reliability when operating on fuels of varying quality and enables a compression ratio of 10.5:1.
The materials also have similarities: the cylinder heads are lightweight aluminum, the noise-optimized, reinforced engine blocks are grey cast iron. Both the crankshaft and camshaft have been hollowed out in order to minimize weight. The charge exchange takes place via four valves per combustion chamber, activated by two overhead camshafts. These in turn are operated by a space-saving and maintenance-free chain drive.
The list of common features is rounded off by friction-optimized roller cam followers and maintenance-free hydraulic valve lifters, an extremely thin metal cylinder-head gasket, a backflow-free fuel supply system as well as a maintenance-friendly, easily accessible oil filter module – in which only the paper filter element is replaced. The oil change and service interval for all gasoline and diesel models is 30,000 kilometers or once per year. All auxiliary systems are operated by a Poly-V belt, which is maintenance-free for the car’s life cycle thanks to its automatic tensioner.
Very compact diesel: 1.3-liter common-rail unit
Diesel engines enjoy growing popularity in the small-car class. At market launch, the new Corsa is available with the very compact and highly innovative 1.3 CDTI ECOTEC in two output categories: with 55 kW (75 hp) or 66 kW (90 hp) and maximum torque of 170 or 200 Nm at between 1750 and 2500 rpm, both multi-injection units deliver excellent driving performance with extremely low fuel consumption. The main difference in the more powerful version is its variable geometry turbocharger and standard-equipment six-speed transmission. Both units are equipped with an intercooler.
Fuel supply to the multi-injection system with five nozzles is controlled by a solenoid valve. The injection system is characterized by minimal response time (max. pressure 1600 bar), resulting in extremely fine fuel proportioning and up to five injections per cycle. This not only ensures exceptionally economical consumption and favorable emissions values, but also refined and low-noise operation. For example, a pilot injection during the warm-up period reduces the once infamous cold-start knock to a barely perceptible level. This engine, the world’s most compact four-cylinder common-rail diesel unit with turbocharger, (length/width/height: 460/500/650 mm), is equipped with a lightweight aluminum cylinder head and a weight-optimized grey cast iron engine block. The four-valve engine’s two overhead camshafts are powered by a cog-belt drive and activate the valves via roller cam followers.
Diesel powerhouse: New 1.7 liter diesel with 125 hp
Shortly following its market launch, the Corsa will be available in a more powerful version with the interim top-of-the-line 1.7-liter common-rail diesel power unit. The 92 kW (125 hp) unit has a 79 mm bore and 86 mm stroke with displacement of 1686 cm3.
Like the other engines, it has a lightweight aluminum cylinder head and grey cast-iron engine block. Its 16 valves are activated directly via flat-base tappets operated by two overhead camshafts; maximum injection pressure is 1800 bar. A turbocharger with variable vane technology ensures quick response times; at 2300 rpm, a maximum torque of 280 Nm is available. Standard equipment includes a maintenance-free particulate filter as well as a six-speed manual transmission.
Outstanding Agility and High Safety Reserves
• Completely newly-developed chassis for all Corsa models
• New: Variable progressive steering
• Newest-generation ESP brakes at up to four wheels
Outstanding driving dynamics and superb handling were the goals engineers set when they designed the fourth generation of the Opel Corsa. Thanks to a completely new architecture, they were able to create the best conditions for this right from the start. In addition to the stiffer body, the Corsa features a new short front subframe, which is three times more rigid transversally than the previous design and also enables optimum chassis geometry. The handling suspension link bearing is located right in the wheel center, thereby benefiting steering precision. The positioning of suspension points and bushings made any compromises during tuning unnecessary, resulting in substantial improvements to road handling and steering precision as well as vehicle comfort.
The engineers in Rüsselsheim developed a completely new rear axle design. The familiar Opel torsion beam rear axle features V-shaped rear axle bushings for the first time in the new Corsa. The arrangement of these rear axle bushings considerably improves ride comfort while at the same time providing more agile cornering behavior. One special feature of the rear axle construction is the flexibly adjustable roll steer, supplied by a round torsion profile connection on the longitudinal control arms. Three different torsion profiles with correspondingly tuned roll-rates provide space for the ideal alignment to the different engines and car versions, thereby making a key contribution to the Corsa chassis’ winning performance.
Numerous detailed chassis elements also enable a smooth response under all driving conditions, such as new low-friction front axle stabilizer suspension, separation of the load paths for suspension and damping at the front axle, as well as shock-absorber mountings on the underbody that improve ride comfort.
New Corsa Sport: Increased sports car feeling thanks to new steering
The engineers also focused on enhancing the steering system for the new Corsa, giving it a considerably stiffer steering column with height and reach-adjustable steering wheel as well as higher performance, speed-dependent Electronic Power Steering (EPS), which in turn allowed a smaller steering wheel to be fitted. In addition to the variable steering ratio, which is either linear (1.0, 1.2) or between 13:1 and 15:1 (1.4, 1.3 CDTI, 1.7 CDTI) depending on the engine, the chassis experts also developed a segment-first for the sport version of the Corsa: variable progressive power steering. At 13:1, the system already delivers a direct response during straight-ahead driving. As the steering-wheel angle increases, steering becomes even more direct – 12:1 at 90 degrees – creating a sports car feeling. Variable progression ensures that the response ratio again increases at greater steering angles to enable easy maneuvering and parking.
Patented torsion beam rear axle concept enables high-precision tuning
The new Corsa's rear wheels are guided by a torsion beam axle – a simply ingenious yet also ingeniously simple system. The multi-patented design has been continuously further developed and offers numerous advantages:
• Ideal toe-angle control when exposed to lateral forces; enables agile cornering thanks to bushings arranged in a V-shape
• High driving stability and reduced tire wear due to low camber and toe angle changes when loaded
• Optimized fuel consumption and high comfort due to reduced weight resulting from small number of components and integrated stabilizer
• Minimum space requirements for optimal flexibility in design of fuel tank and luggage compartment volumes
• Finally, a robust construction that enables consistent handling throughout the car's life cycle
In addition, the space-saving rear axle layout helped engineers keep the center of gravity low for high agility. Thanks to the compact design, the fuel tank is deep between the wheels, thus allowing lower rear bench seat positioning.
Brake systems: Two-stage brake booster as brake assist
The combination of driving dynamics and high safety reserves, unusual for this vehicle class, is also highlighted in the design of the brake and electronic driving safety systems. The new two-stage brake booster not only provides much better pedal response, but also has a brake assist function during emergency braking, immediately producing full braking power if the brake pedal is pressed especially quickly. Thanks to the outstanding chassis basis, the ABS characteristic curve could be set very "aggressively". Therefore, as the Corsa remains extremely stable in its track even during emergency braking, the wheels can be decelerated at their optimal wheel slip.
Driver assistance: New functions for ABS and ESP
The newest generation of ABS and ESP systems boasts additional functions. The Corsa’s ABS system features electronic brake force distribution, Cornering Brake Control (CBC) and Straight-Line Stability control (SLS).
The ESP system was tuned so that it firstly gives complete control to the driver, even at very high cornering speeds, and only gradually takes over when there is danger of losing safe control of the car. The Corsa features especially dynamic performance at its cornering stability limit thanks to Enhanced Understeering Control (EUC), an ESP function: ESP controls braking individually at up to four wheels if necessary, as if the driver had a brake pedal for each wheel, to quickly stop any skidding that might occur. Other new ESP functions include Deflation Detection System (DDS) and Hill Start Assist (HSA). This system prevents the car from rolling backwards when driving off on a slope without having to use the handbrake. Brake pressure is maintained for around 1.5 seconds after the brake pedal is released, giving the driver enough time to select a gear and step on the accelerator. Brake pressure is released as soon as the vehicle starts to move forward. HSA functions in the same way when reversing up a hill.
The Corsa is now also optionally available with 195/55 R 16 tires with run-flat capability. Even after pressure loss, this makes it possible to continue up to 80 kilometers to the next repair garage at a maximum speed of 80 km/h. This option includes the Deflation Detection System (DDS).
More Than Just Selective Braking
In addition to their traditional functions, the Corsa’s driver assistance systems (ABS/Anti-lock Braking System and ESP/Electronic Stability Program) can take over a range of other functions and sensitively react to particular road and driving conditions. The overview shows what these electronic control systems do and how they assist drivers in critical situations.
Feature Function Operation
Anti-lock Braking System
Standard Prevents wheel lock-up during maximum braking, thereby insuring steering control If a wheel begins to lock up during braking, the ABS control unit automatically reduces braking pressure on the wheel-brake cylinder until wheel slip returns to normal.
Cornering Brake Control
Standard Optimizes braking distance and driving stability when braking in curves When wheel sensors register different rpm right and left in a curve, braking force on inner wheels is reduced when brake pressure is applied under the ABS limit. This creates torque that stabilizes the vehicle.
Deflation Detection System
Optional, also in combination with Run Flat tires Identifies tire pressure loss With the aid of signals from wheel speed sensors, a warning lamp is activated if tire pressure has been lost. The system detects a loss of pressure when a tire’s rolling circumference decreases and causes its rpm to increase in relation to the other wheels.
Drag Torque Control
Standard Prevents lock-up on driving wheels when clutch is engaged and during downshifting in curves Increases engine torque (by opening throttle valve), thus preventing wheel lock-up by engine drag torque.
Electronic Brake Force Distribution
Standard Keeps braking distance as short as possible The brake pressure necessary for optimum stopping distance is applied individually to each wheel.
Straight-Line Stability control
Standard Optimizes straight-ahead braking stability Prevents skidding when braking during straight-ahead driving, especially useful on uneven road surfaces or poorly-maintained streets. SLS identifies the driver’s desired direction of travel via the steering wheel angle and stabilizes the car with specific brake pressure application, thus keeping the vehicle on track.
Feature Function Operation
Electronic Stability Program
Optional Prevents break-away in curves With the help of sensors, ESP determines rpm, steering angle, yaw velocity and lateral acceleration. This compares driver’s intentions with driving condition. Should critical driving situations occur, the system intervenes in engine electronics and with selevtice braking at up to four wheels to return vehicle to stable driving condition.
Enhanced Understeering Control
Standard with ESP Supports neutral cornering behavior In an understeer situation, speed is first reduced by the throttle and then by braking up to four wheels, ensuring stable cornering behavior.
Optional Eases drive-off on uphill gradients by preventing the car from rolling backwards without use of the handbrake Brake pressure is maintained for 1.5 seconds after the brake pedal is released, giving the driver enough time to select a gear and step on the accelerator. Brake pressure is released as soon as the vehicle starts to move forward. Same function for reversing up a hill.
Standard with ESP Prevents wheel spin on driving wheels If one of the car’s drive wheels is on solid and the other on slippery ground, one wheel will tend toward wheelspin when driving off. TCPlus automatically brakes the wheel with traction problems until the second drive wheel can transfer enough torque to drive off.
Robots at the wheel
Opel is carrying out special crash tests in order to investigate the outcome of collisions following accidental skids – for example on an oily carriageway or under conditions of black ice – and to analyze the consequences. A similar series of tests is also scheduled for the new Corsa. The knowledge derived from these will cover that small area of everyday accidents where unplanned slip-ups can occur in spite of the enormous advances in chassis electronics. Human employees had previously conducted the tricky tests on a slippery track, but now a remotely controlled robot has taken over the wheel. The robot driver is a creative in-house development by Opel. The project work is headed by development engineer Werner Schleidt.
For the crash tests, the driver's seat is first removed. In its place, aluminum tubular sections form the mounting for the driving machine, which is made up of several components. Together, they carry out all the basic activities of a human driver. The test vehicle is steered by means of an electrically driven linkage with cog belt drive, which is fitted to the steering shaft. When accelerating, an adjusting lever lowers onto the pedal like a human foot. And – like a steel lower leg – the clutch and brake are operated by means of compressed air cylinders. Finally, a small gear-shifting robot is linked to the gearshift lever and engages the gears.
Werner Schleidt and his colleagues can specify all parameters such as road speed, shifting points, braking procedures and steering lock. The showstopper, however, is the remote control of the robot driver. With a control console similar to those used by model enthusiasts, but which has been modified by Werner Schleidt for open-air tests on a 1:1 scale, the Opel testers move the vehicle safely and accurately even from great distances. The test vehicle's route is determined by a guide cable, which is laid out on the test site and acts as a transmitter. The receiving antenna sits on the front of the vehicle and guarantees non-contact tracking, accurate to the centimeter and on a true line. As soon as the vehicle passes a light barrier at the edge of a carefully soaped area at the programmed speed of 18 km/h, the robot behind the wheel switches to automatic mode as planned. He declutches, brakes, and throws the steering wheel through an angle of 30 degrees. The result is that the vehicle drifts inexorably on the slippery surface toward an iron beam that acts as a solid curbstone.
The effects of the controlled skid – usually a front wheel buckles – are carefully investigated and evaluated. Werner Schleidt explains, "We aim to influence the deformation of the wishbones and possibly the track rods by means of design modifications so that the changes are clearly visible to the driver and indicate the need for a repair. It must be ensured that from a driving point of view he can safely continue to a workshop – and to achieve reasonable cost of repairs. We need several parameters for reliably reconciling this series of tests. Here, as in every area of science and research, we need absolutely exactly reproducible values at all times in order to guarantee the accuracy of our work. And this is where the robot will always be superior to the human driver."
• Comprehensive Protection with SAFETEC
• Accident prevention thanks to advanced chassis
• Driver assisted by headlamps that shine into curves
Opel has an integral approach to safety. All active and passive safety systems that contribute to reducing dangers when driving are categorized under one heading: SAFETEC. This includes assisting the driver with innovative features such as Adaptive Forward Lighting (AFL), avoiding accidents thanks to advanced chassis and highly-developed driver aids such as ABS and ESP, reducing the effects of an accident with extensive measures in the vehicle structure and restraint systems, and protecting other road-users with features such as adaptive brake lights and special pedestrian protection measures.
The SAFETEC system in the new Corsa, based on decades of research and development by safety engineers in Rüsselsheim, offers the best-possible protection in real collisions.
In the event of an accident, Corsa passengers are protected by optimized crash zones and restraint systems specifically adapted to these zones. These include two two-stage front airbags, side airbags for driver and front passenger, and – from Edition – head curtain airbags that fold down to cover the entire length of the interior on the left and right like curtains. When transporting a baby in a carrier, the front passenger airbag can be deactivated via a button on the instrument panel. The ISOFIX system ensures optimal anchorage of baby carriers and child seats. It is enhanced in the front passenger seat and outer rear seats to include additional anchorage points, where mounting straps can be attached to secure the upper part of the child seat.
The development engineers also worked hard to enhance the safety belts. In the event of a front or rear impact, the shoulder belts are pulled tight by pyrotechnic seat-belt tensioners fitted to the seats, eliminating seat-belt slack and immediately holding driver and front passenger in position. This reduces occupant forward displacement, resulting in lower forces on the body. From Edition, another seat-belt tensioner secured to the car’s body pulls the lap belt tight and, together with ramps integrated into the seats, reduces forward displacement of the pelvis. At the same time, a belt-force limiter in the front and rear belt reels prevents the safety-belt forces increasing. Front safety belts are height-adjustable for optimum comfort. The driver’s side features visual and acoustic warning signals to ensure the safety belt is used.
From the Edition model, the restraint system is complemented by active head restraints in front. In the event of a rear-end collision, they automatically move up and forward simultaneously, reducing the risk of whiplash. The Pedal Release System (PRS) – standard in all Corsa models but not usual in this class - decouples the pedals from their mountings in a severe frontal impact to further protect the driver's feet from injury.
Not just the occupants, but also pedestrians are protected by a range of state-of-the-art safety measures. Features include a special low-density foam material in front of the bumper cross member to lessen the intensity of lower-body impact, and a stiffening of the bumper’s lower section spreads the load over a larger area, thus limiting the bending of the knees on impact. The material of the hood, which was especially designed for efficient energy absorption, reduces the severity of head impacts. The generous space between the hood and the engine provides adequate deformation distance. The fenders’ slotted fittings also deform on impact.
Headlamps illuminate curves
In keeping with its philosophy of bringing sophisticated technology to a broad customer range, Opel is the first manufacturer to offer adaptive curve light in this class, making the new Corsa the sixth model line with such a system after the Vectra, Signum, Astra, Zafira and Meriva. In the small car segment, however, the Corsa's curve and cornering light is a first. To keep the price as low as possible while retaining all functions, the Corsa’s AFL (Adaptive Forward Lighting) system is combined with halogen light. The dynamic curve light reacts to the steering angle and speed of the car, swiveling the high or low beam headlamps up to 15 degrees outward and eight degrees inward. At speeds below 40 km/h, the static cornering light is activated. Depending on turn signal and steering wheel position, it illuminates intersections and garage driveways to the right or left with the help of an additional reflector. This function is also activated when reversing. In addition, cornering light increases safety during night-time driving on mountain passes by illuminating narrow bends on winding roads.
Other lighting innovations for the Corsa include Automatic Lighting Control (ALC), which automatically switches on the headlamps as darkness approaches, in tunnels and in parking garages. When the car returns to a brighter environment, the low-beam headlights are automatically turned off again. After leaving the vehicle, the standard Follow-me-home light function illuminates the way in the dark, for example in unlit driveways or garages. Once activated (by pulling the turn indicator lever towards the steering wheel), the headlamps continue to shine for 30 seconds after the driver has left the car before switching off automatically.
Thanks to adaptive brake lighting in the new Corsa, all three brake lights blink five times per second if ABS braking occurs at more than 30 km/h to warn the drivers behind. If the seat-belt tensioners or airbags are deployed in an accident, the hazard warning lights are automatically activated.
A speed warning device also contributes to safety in the Corsa. It can be set to the desired maximum speed and an acoustic signal indicates when this has been reached, particularly useful during city driving or on roads with speed limits. It is also useful for new drivers in the family, who can agree on a maximum speed and then program it on their individual key, eliminating the need to reset it before each trip.
Driving Fun Does Not Have to Be Expensive
• Pre-production running since March in Zaragoza and Eisenach
• Long maintenance intervals, modestly priced inspections
• Intelligent design and repair methods - favorable insurance ratings
GM has invested around 700 million euros in the Zaragoza and Eisenach plants for the production of the new Corsa. Opened in 1982, the Spanish facility now boasts a corrosion protection station in the paint shop, where the body in white is electrically coated with a zinc-manganese-nickel protective coating in an immersion bath. A state-of-the-art system that prevents CO2 emissions will be added to the paint shop, which uses environmentally compatible water-soluble paints. Investment areas in the Eisenach plant, which was opened in 1992 and also boasts a paint shop with water-soluble paint technology, include new welding facilities for bodyshell and body construction, new facilities and production processes for final assembly as well as new robots in the paint shop. These improvements were made to ensure an optimum model launch with high quality right from the start, as well as a further increase in productivity in global competition.
With annual production capacity of over 400,000 units and around 7600 employees, the main Corsa plant in Zaragoza, where the Meriva is also produced, is GM’s largest production facility in Europe. Two large presses have been newly installed in the pressing station there. The station takes up an area of 90,000 m2 and processes a total of 1500 tons of steel per day, including the car body parts for the production plant in Eisenach. In the new model, 35 of these parts are made of high-strength steel, which reduces the car's weight and contributes significantly to the new Corsa's excellent crash behavior. In the assembly process, robots now precisely install the relatively heavy windshield and rear window.
Most changes to the bodyshell and body were made in Eisenach (annual capacity around 175,000 units, 1800 employees) where eleven completely new welding facilities with 53 new robots for making side panels, cowls, and body platform sections are available. Just as in Zaragoza, manufacturing experts designed all tools and work processes according to the latest ergonomic techniques, because employees achieve top quality results more easily when relieved of strenuous physical work.
Pre-production has been running in both plants since March - well before the actual start of production. This phase optimizes production workers' know-how. The first new Corsa models – not destined for sale yet – rolled down the assembly line one at a time between current model vehicles; later the intervals became shorter and eventually whole rows of the newcomer were manufactured at once. All work processes were gone through painstakingly over and over again, all manufacturing systems, robots and tools set up for the new model and all workflows carefully arranged. By June, every step was already clear. The procedures in Zaragoza were virtually identical. Together, both plants built more than 1100 pre-production vehicles in order to ensure extensive product and process validation.
Since beginning production in September 1992, the Eisenach plant has set the pace within the global GM manufacturing organization. Based on the "zero defects policy", standardization, continuous improvement, short cycle times and workforce involvement, the production system known internally as the “GM Global Manufacturing System (GMS)” was put into practice for the first time in Eisenach and has been continuously further developed ever since. For GM worldwide, this makes Eisenach an important site of further education. Since 1993, more than 15,000 of the company’s employees – from assembly line technicians to production managers – have traveled to Eisenach from plants on all continents to familiarize themselves with the latest production methods in individually tailored training programs.
Long 30,000 km service intervals, minimal scope of maintenance
The engineers responsible for the Corsa’s durability and service-friendliness also set continuous improvement as a goal. As a result, the new Corsa is at the top of its market segment in terms of low running costs.
This is not only due to its wide range of highly modern, economical ECOTEC engines: long maintenance intervals also lower operating costs substantially, especially for frequent drivers. Gasoline and diesel variants only need a checkup every 30,000 kilometers (or once a year). To ensure that this happens on time, drivers are reminded by a service interval indicator on the instrument panel – which is also a big help for managers of large fleets.
Not just long service intervals, but also the small scope of maintenance help ensure cost efficiency. The prolonged garage-free intervals to be expected of the Corsa are made possible by numerous components that are fully maintenance-free or seldom require servicing. For example, transmissions, drive-shaft and various bushings in the chassis area are filled with high-grade lubricants that never need replacing throughout the vehicle’s life cycle. The drive systems for camshafts and auxiliaries are likewise maintenance-free and the hydraulic clutch operation mechanism also requires no control or adjustment work.
Wear and tear parts: High product quality ensures long life cycle
In addition, numerous components are designed for an especially long life cycle. For example, the maintenance plan foresees air and fuel filter replacement only every four years or 60,000 kilometers, and thanks to a special installation position with mechanical self-cleaning effect, the interior air purifying filter is scheduled for replacement only after two years or 30,000 kilometers. The brake system also requires minimal service: an acoustic signal alerts drivers if the front disc brake pads need replacing, the hand brake can be adjusted from the car's interior and brake fluid only requires changing every three years.
Comprehensive warranties also reflect the Corsa’s value retention concept. The basis is a two-year new-car warranty with unlimited kilometers, and an additional 12-year anti-perforation warranty ? which is also a result of the thorough galvanization of all vulnerable car body parts. The "Opel Assistance" program is an additional plus: this mobility guarantee is valid for two years following registration within Europe and can be extended to three or more years if desired. In the unlikely event of a breakdown, the warranty covers services such as organizing a towing service, transport to the nearest Opel repair shop, providing a replacement vehicle or paying for overnight accommodation.
Last but not least, the direct connection between Opel owners, dealers and manufacturer ensures greatest possible customer satisfaction. Specially trained Opel staff members can be contacted via "ICATS" (International Customer and Technical Service) hotlines to assist in answering specific questions or solving any problems that might arise.
New Corsa with even better insurance ratings
Insurers' comprehensive coverage ratings provide a key reference value when calculating operating costs, and the new Corsa's repair-friendly design puts it in a less expensive insurance class than its predecessor. To minimize down time and repair costs, the newcomer was designed to enable the speedy and economical replacement of parts. For example, the Corsa concept features bolted rather than welded connections in many places. The wide front bumper crossmember, a part made of special aluminum alloy, is bolted to the body via so-called HSS Crash Boxes. Further designed-for-repair details include the easy accessibility and optimized fixtures of, for example, cooling system and headlamps. Defined frame sections help reduce costs, as do special repair systems for damaged vehicle electrical components (plug housings or individual cables) and synthetic parts such as the bumper covering.
In Germany - and in a similar fashion in the United Kingdom - the main criterion for a new car's insurance rating is its performance in a "repair crash" that conforms to the world umbrella organization RCAR's standards - also known in Germany as the AZT Crash Test. The new Corsa is one of the first vehicles that was required to undergo the insurers' new crash tests, which were made much tougher in November last year.
The newcomer also passed these tests with flying colors. Simulation models that could predetermine crash consequences were improved further at this stage, before a finished car even existed. During this process, engineers cover the relevant components with a finite elements net so accurate that even deformations of a millimeter can be predicted by computer. In addition, parallel research on materials development coupled with highly detailed calculation methods help to design materials for ideal performance in the event of a collision, while also taking pedestrian protection into special consideration.
A newly-introduced hybrid front module is also part of the extensive energy management concept.
Moved back out of the direct deformation zone, its position and design enable economical section repairs in an area where expensive detachment, welding and paintwork procedures are normally necessary.
Measures were also taken during the development process to facilitate the low-cost repair of serious body damage. Should body side members be involved in "last resort damage prevention", numerous defined body separation points enable specialist workshops to replace the damaged sections exactly and economically with predefined frame sections.
At the rear, the new Corsa features a bolted-on bumper crossmember made of high-strength extruded aluminum that breaks down energy in the event of a crash together with a Coax Dual Tube Energy Management System. This system has a solid bearing made of high-strength steel in the side member and reinforced floor panel. The tailgate itself and the rear exhaust muffler also feature a design that keeps them out of the direct impact zone in a rear collision.
The innovative Corsa's electrical systems are based on the same model. Thanks to the cable harness's design, only the affected section needs to be repaired if it is broken or damaged.
Hard times for thieves: Excellent theft protection
Last but not least, the new Opel Corsa's economical insurance classification is also due to its efficient break-in and theft protection. The locks are protected by covers in the doors that make break-in attempts considerably more difficult; safety clutches in door cylinder locks and on the steering wheel lock prevent locking mechanisms from being forced open. Thanks to advanced CAN databus technology (Controller Area Network), electronic components such as audio systems and up to four control units can also be given identities that are recognized by other onboard network systems. In this way, even attempts to start the system with external control units remain unsuccessful. Audio devices that have been removed from the Corsa can also only be activated within "its" own CAN network.
Insurance classification: More stringent crash tests
20 years ago, the German Allianz Center for Technology introduced a crash repair test. In this test, a vehicle was driven against an offset barrier (front) with 40 percent offset at 15 km/h (plus one km/h tolerance), or a movable barrier collided with a stationary vehicle (rear) at this speed.
Since then, this standardized front and rear collision has been used in many countries as a so-called "RCAR Low Speed Crash Test" (Research Council for Automobile Repairs), serving as a basis for the insurance classification of new vehicles. The insurance associations reward car manufacturers' crash-safe and repair-friendly designs with low type classifications, which result in more favorable insurance premiums for the driver.
Crash conditions have been adjusted and made more stringent to correspond with real accident scenarios: the barrier now has a ten degree angle and its weight has been increased to 1.4 tons, which massively increases the strain on the vehicle. The national insurance associations introduced new crash conditions at the beginning of 2006. The German Insurance Association (GDP) and the British Thatcham Organization, for example, have been using the new test specification for type classification since January 1, 2006.
Since then, the new Opel Corsa is one of the first cars to have undergone this more stringent testing. The results were very positive: the 60 hp 1.0-liter Corsa is now classified in a category three levels less expensive than the comparable predecessor - just like all other engine variants of the new Opel.
Here are the current crash test conditions in detail:
Crash scenario Offset* vehicle collision with a fixed barrier Offset* collision of a fixed barrier (mass: 1,400 kg) with a stationary vehicle (vehicle angle: 10 degrees)
Speed 15 km/h (+ 1 km/h)
Offset 40 percent
Vehicle Ready to drive, battery connected, ignition switched on, safety equipment operative, air-conditioning system emptied, brakes released, gearshift in neutral position
Loading One dummy (50% man** belted into the driving seat), tank completely full
Measurements Axis measurements before/after, body measurement and gaps before/after, actual vehicle weight in crash-ready condition, vehicle acceleration on the sill (B column) left and right
Barrier dimensions Barrier angle: 10 degrees
Barrier considerably higher than front of vehicle Height: 700 mm
Lower edge: 200 mm
* Test institution can decide to carry out the collision on the other side
** A dummy that represents the average body size, weight and body dimensions of the male population
Glossary of Technology and Innovations
ABS (Anti-lock Braking System)
If a wheel begins to lock up during full braking, the ABS control unit automatically reduces braking pressure on the wheel-brake cylinder until wheel slip returns to normal.
Active Carbon Filter
In all models without air conditioning, the filter ensures that no harmful fumes reach the Corsa interior.
Active Head Restraints
This enhanced safety feature reduces the risk of whiplash in the event of rear-end collisions. Upon impact the upper part of the body presses against the lever system in the seat back, which triggers both the head restraint and the upper section of the seat back to move up and forward. It thereby cushions the head earlier in its backward movement.
AFL (Adaptive Forward Lighting)
Steering-linked halogen headlamp system. In the Corsa, AFL consists of “dynamic curve light” and “static cornering light” functions. Depending on the steering wheel position and speed of travel, the curve light illuminates around bends. At speeds below 40 km/h, the static cornering light is also activated. Depending on turn signal and steering wheel position, it illuminates intersections and garage driveways to the right or left with the help of an additional reflector. This function is also activated when reversing.
ALC (Automatic Lighting Control)
In response to the readings received from two sensors in the front windshield, ALC automatically activates or deactivates the low beam headlamps. One sensor measures ambient brightness, while the other takes into account lighting conditions on the road ahead of the car, thus recognizing tunnels or bridges. Should both sensors register darkness (e.g. at night), the low beam headlamps are automatically switched on. If darkness is registered ahead of the car and brightness in the surrounding area (e.g. in a tunnel), the low beams are also activated. When both sensors again detect brightness, the headlamps are switched off following a brief time lag. If the forward light sensor measures brightness and the ambient area sensor darkness, this indicates a bridge or underpass and the headlamps remain deactivated.
Re-locks the car automatically after five minutes if the doors accidentally remain unlocked after closing and are not reopened within five minutes. Can be programmed by driver as part of the ?Personalization system.
This sub-function of the two-stage brake booster progressively generates maximum braking pressure when the brake pedal is pressed particularly quickly and firmly, thus reducing braking distance.
CAN Bus (Controller Area Network)
Network of a number of ?Databus systems with various transmission speeds.
CBC (Cornering Brake Control)
Optimizes braking distance and driving stability, also when braking in curves. When wheel sensors register different rpm right and left in a curve, braking force on inner wheels is already reduced when brake pressure is applied under the ABS limit. This creates torque that stabilizes the vehicle.
This element is located between the bumper cross members and the body. Due to its design and construction, the crashbox has energy-absorbing deformation properties that prevent costly damage to supporting components in the event of mild collisions. The bolted-on crashboxes can be replaced easily and inexpensively.
Various electrical and electronic components are connected by one common databus conductor. These series-connected modules are capable of recognizing commands specifically intended for them. Advantages: larger data volume, higher transmission speed, lower weight, greater reliability. (?CAN Bus)
DDS (Deflation Detection System)
With the aid of signals from the ABS wheel speed sensors, a warning lamp tells the driver if the tire rolling circumference declines and the tire revolution speed rises in relation to the other wheels as the result of a loss of pressure.
The clearly arranged control panel for the audio and infotainment systems is twice as large as a standard-sized unit. Advantages: easy-to-operate controls and more space for the integration of additional equipment such as a telephone and CD changer.
DTC (Drag Torque Control)
ABS function that prevents lock-up on driving wheels when clutch is engaged and during downshifting in curves.
“DualFloor” Double Load Floor
Provides a flat load floor at sill height that facilitates loading and unloading of heavy or bulky items such as beverage crates, as they can simply be slid into and out of the trunk. When the load floor is in this upper position, there is a separate storage space available underneath it. Alternatively, the “DualFloor” can also be lowered flat.
Further improved automated five-speed manual transmission.
Easy Entry Function
To ease entry for rear seat passengers (three-door model), front seats slide forward when seat backs are folded down and then return to their original position thanks to a memory function.
EBD (Electronic Brake Force Distribution)
ABS function which individually distributes brake pressure at each wheel to ensure optimum stopping distance.
ECC (Electronic Climate Control)
The driver need only set the desired temperature on this electronically regulated air conditioning system. The user-friendly system then regulates cooling capacity and air flow by itself. Assisted by a mathematical model and information from numerous sensors as well as highly complex software, the powerful Opel climate control processor calculates interior temperature developments and reacts, for example with cooler air, before the temperature in the car actually changes.
EPS (Electronic Power Steering)
This power steering system only consumes energy when the car is actually being steered, thus enabling a two to five percent reduction in consumption depending on the road profile.
ESP (Electronic Stability Program)
Newest generation driving stability system with selective brake application at up to four wheels.
EUC (Enhanced Understeering Control)
Further-developed ESP function that supports neutral cornering behavior. In an understeer situation, speed is first reduced by the throttle and then by braking at up to four wheels, ensuring stable cornering behavior.
“Flex-Fix” Integrated Rear Carrier
The “Flex-Fix” integrated rear carrier celebrates its world premiere in the Corsa. It stows away almost invisibly into the rear bumper and can easily be pulled out as needed to carry up to two bicycles. Even the required additional rear lights are stored in the
drawer-like carrier and can be fitted quickly.
Headlamps continue to shine for 30 seconds after the vehicle has been turned off and exited to provide illumination.
GPS (Global Positioning System)
Geostationary system of 29 active satellites. With the help of GPS, the navigation system determines the current location of the car and calculates the route to the destination based on a digital map. This map is either on a CD-ROM or DVD.
Head Curtain Airbags
These latest-generation head curtain airbags provide additional protection for passengers in the front and rear on both sides of the vehicle. They deploy within 25 to
30 milliseconds, forming a curtain along the inner side of the car. In the event of a side collision they protect the heads of the passengers and, at the same time, reduce the risk of injury from glass splinters.
Heated Steering Wheel
At the push of a button, segments of the steering-wheel rim warm to a cozy 34 degrees Celsius.
HSA (Hill Start Assist)
This ?ESP-based system eases starting the car on an uphill gradient by preventing the car from rolling backwards without use of the handbrake. After releasing the brake pedal, pressure in the system is maintained for around 1.5 seconds, giving the driver enough time to select a gear and press the accelerator. As soon as the car moves forward, brake pressure is released. The same assistance is provided when reversing up a hill.
Forming technology: production of hollow body components made of steel using very high water pressure. Advantages: improvement in quality, reduction in weight. Use in Corsa: front subframe.
MP3 stands for "Motion Pictures Experts Group Audio Layer 3", a process which permits the compressed storage of audio data without negatively affecting the sound. Thanks to the high level of compression, a full ten hours of music instead of the usual 70 minutes can fit onto a CD-ROM.
This parking aid employs ultrasonic sensors located in the Corsa's rear bumper to alert the driver with an audible warning signal if there is an object in the car’s path. The sensors send out and receive sound waves, calculate the distance to the object and then emit an acoustic warning signal if clearance falls below a predetermined distance. The system also automatically allows for a trailer hitch should one be mounted to the car.
Up to five different drivers can save their individual settings for the infotainment system, electronic climate control and on-board electronics, and activate them via the car key.
Piano Lacquer Finish
Piano-lacquer finish is used in selected equipment variants on the center console with a matching finish on the steering wheel spokes and large, round air-conditioning vent rings.
PRS (Pedal Release System)
The brake and clutch pedals automatically decouple from their mountings at a particular level of impact to protect the driver’s feet and lower legs.
PWM (Pulse Width Modulators)
Light bulb-saving electronic circuit. Thanks to PWM, the bulbs' critical rated voltage can no longer be exceeded. The trick is using a breaker-triggered circuit, which cuts off the voltage to the lamps for an extremely short period.
Innovative heating system in which an electric auxiliary heater prevents the windshield from fogging up and speeds up interior warming. It activates automatically when the “maximum heating” setting is selected due to low outside and engine coolant temperatures.
RDS Radio (Radio Data System)
Radios equipped with this decoder receive digital information such as the name of the current program or traffic messages. All Corsa Infotainment systems come equipped with RDS.
The Corsa is optionally available with 195/55 R 16 tires with run-flat capability which have a self-supporting, reinforced sidewall. This design ensures the tire retains restricted operation even when completely flat, at which point the Corsa can still travel up to 80 kilometers at a maximum speed of 80 km/h. Run-flat tires come with ?DDS.
SAFETEC Safety System
Comprehensive protection system in the new Corsa which consists of all active and passive safety features. The active side is the chassis with Cornering Brake Control ?CBC as well as ABS and ? Brake Assist. The foundation of the passive safety program consists of a high-strength safety body with crashboxes and three defined energy-absorbing load paths. Passenger protection is supplemented by a number of features, including decoupling safety pedals (?PRS), front airbags, ?Thorax/Pelvis Side Airbags, front and rear ?Head Curtain Airbags (from Edition model), three-point safety belts for all seats, as well as visual and acoustic seat belt warning signals for driver's seat.
Service Interval Indicator
A control unit that calculates when a car next needs to be serviced. The information is indicated to the driver in the instrument panel display.
SLS (Straight-Line Stability) control
ABS function that prevents vehicle from skidding left or right, especially on uneven road surfaces.
Automatically locks all doors at speeds exceeding 12 km/h (the trunk at 6 km/h) and can be activated via the ?Personalization system.
TCPlus (Traction Control Plus)
Ensures that propulsion power is transferred with minimal tire slip. If one of the car's drive wheels is on solid and the other on slippery ground, one wheel will tend toward wheelspin when driving off. TCPlus automatically brakes the wheel with traction problems until the second drive wheel can transfer enough torque to drive off.
Thorax/Pelvis Side Airbags
Installed in the backs of the front seats, these voluminous and form-optimized side airbags with two air chambers protect both the upper body and the pelvic area.
Torsion Beam Rear Axle
Rear axle construction of the Corsa is enhanced to combine the advantages of conventional twist-beam axles like minimal space requirements, low weight and high camber thrust rate with the ability to exactly tune to very specific requirements of various models within one car line.
Intelligent fuel-saving technology from Opel for four-valve gasoline engines with displacements of up to 1.6 liters. It employs variable intake control via a throttle valve in one of the two intake ports for each cylinder and uses high rates of exhaust gas recirculation to reduce fuel consumption by as much as 10 percent under everyday driving conditions. While at partial load up to 25 percent of the cylinder charge is made up of previously burnt exhaust gas which is delivered through an additional line, power generation and fuel efficiency are completely retained at full load, and can even be improved. In the new Corsa: 1.0 TWINPORT ECOTEC (44 kW/60 hp), 1.2 TWINPORT ECOTEC (59 kW/80 hp) and 1.4 TWINPORT ECOTEC (66 kW/90 hp).
Variable Progressive Power Steering
Steering system reserved for the sport version of the new Corsa. Delivers a remarkably direct response during straight-ahead driving and small steering movements. This system is set at the ratio of 13:1 in the straight-ahead position, with steering becoming more direct as the turning angle increases ? at an angle of 90 degrees, the ratio is 12:1 ? to give a pronounced sports car feel. Thanks to variable progression, as the turning angle increases, so does the steering ratio, which facilitates maneuvering and parking.